Iroko is a medium density wood with white sapwood that is sharply demarcated from the heartwood. The heartwood is golden-orange to brown in color and darkens with age. The wood can at times be colored with yellow bands of soft tissue that form a zigzag pattern on all surfaces, plus darker colored surrounding materials are usually present. The wood has a medium to moderately coarse texture with a grain that is typically interlocked or crossed.

Formal Name: Chlorophora excelsa

Other Names:

African Teak, Kambala, Chen d’Afrique, Odum, African Oak

The heartwood of Spanish Cedar ranges in color from pinkish- to reddish-brown, when first cut. The color darkens as it ages to a dark reddish-brown, and sometimes displays a purplish tinge. The sapwood ranges in tones from white to pinkish-white. The grain is prominent and usually straight, but sometimes appears interlocked. The wood texture ranges from fine and uniform to coarse and uneven, with a medium luster. Spanish Cedar produces a distinctive odor and is often oily on the surface.

Formal Name: Cedrela odorata

Other Names:

South American Cedar, Brazilian Cedar, Cigar-box Cedar

Jatoba varies from yellowish hues, to pink/reds, to dark reds with black striping and an interlocked grain. Quartered selections yield the most uniform look and color range. The sapwood is white, gray, or pinkish in color, and is clearly demarcated from the heartwood. It is reported to be similar to maple in appearance. Like domestic cherry, Jatoba will change dramatically over time from the yellow/tan/salmon color, when freshly milled, into a deep, rich reddish color. In direct sunlight, the color change will occur within a few days. Out of sunlight, it will oxidize slowly over six months. Water-based finishes tend to retard the color change while oil based finishes enhance it. Jatoba is a very beautiful wood; with remarkable hardness that makes it an extremely popular and appealing wood.

Most Teak is a rich golden brown in color, but may also vary from rich brown to a deep, chocolate brown with dark, almost black, markings. The grain may be either straight or wavy with conspicuous growth rings. It has a coarse texture and oily feel, as well as a leather-like odor.

Formal Name: Tectona Grandis

Other Names:

Kalungi, Liboyo, Mufumbi, Okeong, Utile

African mahogany is pink when first cut. Over time, it darkens to a reddish-brown, with streaks of pale, golden brown. The sapwood is yellowish-brown in color, and is not always distinctly demarcated from the heartwood. The grain is usually interlocked, giving the wood a distinctive fine grain. The texture is even, and ranges from medium to coarse, but even, with a lustrous surface.

Formal Name: Khaya ivorensis; K. anthotheca

Other Names: <

Knotty Pine

The sapwood of lacewood is cream colored and well defined. The heartwood varies in color from pinkish-brown to an orange-brown, which darkens on exposure. The highly figured interlocked, lace-like grain pattern is one of the most unusual of all exotic woods. Lacewood grain varies from straight to wavy and has a fine to medium-coarse texture. The large rays, which produce the unusual figure, are highly visible on quartered faces.

Formal Name: Roupala brasiliensis

Other Names:

Leopardwood, Lacewood, Brazilian Lacewood, South American Lacewood

The sapwood of Tiama is usually creamy white or pale pink and up to four inches wide, although not always sharply demarcated from the heartwood. The heartwood is a pinkish-brown or a dull, uniform red. When exposed to air and sunlight, the heartwood turns a deep red-brown. The grain is tight and often interlocked, which can produce broad stripes. The wood texture, although fairly uniform, can range from medium to rather coarse.

Formal Name: Entandrophragma angolense

Other Names:

Abeubegne, Acuminata, Dongomanguila, Edinam, Entandrophragma Mahogany

The sapwood is golden light brown in color and clearly demarcated from the orange-brown heartwood. The heartwood tends to be lightly streaked and turns brownish-yellow with exposure to light and air. Streaks tend to darken with exposure and may become a deep crimson-brown with bands of lighter golden brown. In appearance, Afrormosia can resemble fine-grained Teak. It usually has a straight, slightly interlocked grain with a medium to fine texture.

Formal Name: Pericopsis elata

Other Names:

African Teak, Afromosia, Jatobahy, Obang, Ole, Tento

Leopardwood ranges from a pale pinkish-brown to medium brown with a flaky, speckled figure with dark flecks, varying from a small lace-like pattern to a larger splash-like figure. The sapwood is brownish-red while the heartwood is more chocolate-brown in color. The texture is medium to fine with a straight and slightly irregular tight grain. It is stronger, darker and denser than lacewood.

Formal Name: Panopsis rubellens

Other Names:

Snakewood, Brazilian Lacewood, Brazilian Leopardwood

Wenge sapwood is pale white to yellow in color, and clearly demarcated from the heartwood. The heartwood is dark, dark brown, bordering on black. Alternating layers of light and dark wood and white bands marked with black veins create a decorative figure. The texture is somewhat coarse with a fairly straight grain.

Formal Name: Millettia Laurentii

Other Names:

Mibotu