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Walnut sapwood is very creamy white in color, while the heartwood, which ranges in color from light to a rich, dark brown, and matures to an almost purplish-black hue. Walnut often carries characteristically dark brown or purplish streaks. Walnut has a coarse, yet uniform texture, and while usually straight-grained, it is sometimes wavy or curly. This species produces a large variety of figure types.
Other Names: Black Walnut
The Walnut tree grows widely throughout North America along areas of the East Coast from Florida to Maine, and outside Canada. Walnut is one of the few American species which has been planted as well as naturally regenerated.
Walnut is a tough wood with medium density, bending and crushing properties, with low stiffness and moderate shock resistance. Walnut machines well and can be worked relatively easily with either hand or machine tools. A moderate blunting effect is to be expect on cutting edges. It has good steam-bending properties, holds nails and screws well, and can be glued satisfactorily. Walnut can be stained or polished to an exceptional finish, and develops a rich patina that gains luster as it ages. Medium to dark stains are most popular for finishing Walnut.
Walnut is a popular wood for high-end furniture and cabinets, especially in combination with lighter woods to produce decorative effects. In the United States, it is the standard wood for rifle butts and gun stocks. Walnut is often used in the manufacture of plywood and for furniture veneers.