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The heartwood of European Beech is pale in color, ranging in shades from pinkish-brown to an orangey-tan color. Generally a blond wood, when cut, tones can be found from a pale, pale blond to tan, to medium tan-brown. When steamed, the color becomes a little more reddish-pink in tone. Colors tend to mute and amber over time. European Beech has a straight grain with a fine, even texture.

Formal Name: Fagus sylvatica

Other Names: English Beech, French Beech, Danish Beech


European Beech is found widely throughout Europe and the UK, as well as in areas of western Asia.

Working Properties

European Beech provides a medium resistance to both power and hand tools, with a moderate blunting effect on blades. Yet, despite the blunting effect, it machines well, overall. It holds nails and screws well without pre-boring. European Beech glues easily and stains well. It takes finishes beautifully and provides attractive results when stained, lacquered or varnished.

Main Uses

European Beech is usually large in dimension, making it a versatile wood for producing veneer. Sliced veneers offer an attractive flecked figure on quartered surfaces. Longitudinal surfaces reveal broad rays. Both slicing methods produce distinctive options for decorative veneering. It is used widely in furniture where its light orangey-tan color, along with its fine graining and small rays, offer a distinct contemporary look. It is used in a variety of indoor applications, including kitchen cabinetry, flooring, stair components, furniture, mouldings and turnings.